|Fixed star: GIENAH in Corvus|
|Constellation: Gamma (γ) Corvus|
|Longitude 1900: 09LIB20||Longitude 2000: 10LIB44|
|Declination 1900: -16.59'||Declination 2000: -17.31'|
|Right ascension: 12h 15m||Latitude: -14.29'|
|Spectral class: B8||Magnitude: 2.8|
Gamma (γ) Corvus, Gienah, is a star in the left wing of the Raven.
Gienah is from the 15th century Tartar astronomer Ulug Beg's Al Janah al Ghurab al Aiman, the Right Wing of the Raven, although on modern charts it marks the left. Algorab, given in the Alfonsine Tables to this star, is now usually applied to delta (δ Algorab).
[Star Names, Their Lore and Meaning, Richard Hinckley Allen, 1889].
This star was included in the Hindu 11th nakshatra, Hasta, the Hand, with Savitar, the Sun, as its presiding divinity. Hasta consists of five stars of the constellation Corvus: alpha (α Alchita), beta (β Kraz), delta (δ Algorab), gamma (γ Gienah), and epsilon (ε Minkar). Hasta's main translation "the Hand". Its alternative translation is "laughter"; the root "Has" in Sanskrit means "to laugh". Its alternative names "Bhanu" and "Ark" translate into "Sun" and "Sun's Rays" respectively. [The 27 Celestial Portals, Prash Trivedi, 2005, p.201]
*, p.80.]A light asterism belonging to the Vaisya caste (merchant/business) and favorable for sales, art, sculpture, learning, marital love, wearing of ornaments, medicine, and purchase of carriages when containing the Moon. Those born on the lunar day will be thieves, dealers in large animals, painters, merchants, handsome and religious. With Moon here at birth native will be active, resourceful, shameless, merciless, and a thief and drunkard. Rules tanks and the fingers. [Robson
Crater) to fetch some. On his way the raven noticed a fig tree, and, resting there until the figs became ripe, feasted himself upon them until, remembering his errand and fearing the anger of Apollo, he picked up a snake (Hydra) and on his return gave as an excuse that it had prevented him from filling the cup. Apollo ordained in punishment that the raven should never drink so long as figs were not ripe, and placed the raven (Corvus), cup (Crater) and snake (Hydra) in the heavens as a memorial. [Robson*, p.40.]Apollo gave a feast to Jupiter and requiring water sent the raven with a cup (
*, p.41.]According to Ptolemy, Corvus is like Mars and Saturn. It is said to give craftiness, greediness, ingenuity, patience, revengefulness, passion, selfishness, lying, aggressiveness, and material instincts, and sometimes causes its natives to become agitators. [Robson
When Typhon came rushing toward Olympus, the gods fled in terror to Egypt where they disguised themselves as animals; Apollo (Phoebus) became a raven:
"Corvinus, winner of spoils and a name, aided in combat by a bird which hides beneath a bird's exterior the godhead of Phoebus" [Astronomica, Manilius, 1st century AD, p.67.]